Lucas Beran

Research Director

Data center liquid cooling technologies are rapidly approaching an inflection point. Increasing semiconductor thermal design power (TDP) and the emergence of large language model and generative AI applications are leading to significantly increasing rack power densities. This is necessitating a transition from air-based thermal management systems, which have historically supported rack densities up to 20 kW/rack, to liquid cooling, which can support rack power densities up to 100 kW+/rack. In addition to enabling best in class thermal management performance, liquid cooling infrastructure is also supporting the data center industries efforts to operate more sustainably. Increasing operational efficiencies, limiting water use and enabling heat reuse are all opportunties that can be supported by liquid cooling.

However, liquid cooling adoption requires architectural changes and new operational procedures that vastly differ from air-based thermal management facilities. These distinctive attributes have important implications for both the physical and IT infrastructure vendor ecosystem and data center operators. The Data Center Liquid Cooling Advanced Research Report (ARR) aims to answer critical market questions such as:

  • How will AI workloads impact data center thermal management?
  • What is the total market opportunity for Data Center Liquid Cooling?
  • How does data center liquid cooling impact air-based thermal management?
  • What are the different types and form factors of liquid cooling?
  • What is the cost breakdown of key components of Data Center Liquid Cooling systems?
  • What is the competitive landscape of Data Center Liquid Cooling?

The Data Center Liquid Cooling Advanced Research Report Report includes a 5-year market forecast for data center liquid cooling by product and customer type, as well as data center thermal management by heat transfer type.